leaders as role models and mentors
A woman holding a child's hand as they walk together on a beach. Used with permission.
Dietrich Bonhoeffer at Westminster Cathedral
Dietrich Bonhoeffer—a great role model. I took this picture of a sculpture of him at Westminster Abbey.

My daughter Jessica is a missionary in Bangkok and had her own blog while there. She wrote a post on role models and mentors that I think is quite good. Since I haven’t written about this topic, and she said it so well, here is my very first guest post, with some additional comments about role models by me at the end. Enjoy!

Jessica’s post

Portrait of Jessica
Jessica Pellowe

I’ll preface this by admitting that some of this is just a matter of semantics, but I hope you’ll “go there” with me, as regardless of the words used, the idea behind them is what I’ve been thinking about lately.

I was asked a question the other day about role models, mentors and the part they play in helping to guide and shape young people today. In mulling that one over, I got to thinking about the difference between the two.

A role model is someone who is looked up to, that sets an example for someone else to follow.

A mentor is someone with more experience that helps and invests in the life of a specific person.

I think role models get the most attention. From the time children are young, they are asked to identify or write reports on their role model. Celebrities and public figures are almost constantly either praised for being a good role model, or bashed for being a bad one. People are reminded to find a good role model to look up to in life.

But I’m starting to think the emphasis on role models might just be misplaced, and maybe even a big problem. The thing about role models is that they are almost always detached from those who are looking up to them. Role models live their lives however they want to (though hopefully with an effort to be “upstanding”), and while they may wax eloquent about the responsibility and burden they are under (as some celebrities seem so fond of doing), there really isn’t any personal investment on their part.

Similarly, when people look up to a role model, they are left to glean whatever lessons they want, and they are, perhaps more importantly, left to implement those lessons however they want. There are no checks and balances in place, no one making sure that people are making the right connections and actually growing and bettering themselves.

This is a really dangerous situation. You have role models doing whatever they want with their lives with no concept of how people are receiving and responding to them, and you have people taking whatever lessons they want to from their role models and applying them however they see fit.

In contrast, a mentor is an individual who actively cares about and invests in the life of another individual. There is a trust formed, and a commitment to a long-term relationship explicitly for the purpose of seeing personal growth. There is the expectation that the mentor will hold the protégé accountable, and the expectation that the protégé will be motivated and hold himself accountable, as well.

The key difference here is the relationship and the investment. With role models, there is no relationship, and at best, investment is one-sided. With mentors, the relationship and investment are paramount.

Under the guidance of a mentor, individuals not only have someone to “look up to,” but also someone to offer guidance, feedback, and a different point of view. There is someone who will not only check in on their progress to see that those things are being implemented correctly and challenge their assumptions and choices, but someone who actually deeply cares about the outcome.

I’m sure most of us could identify a role model or two in our lives, but how many of us have a mentor? If you don’t have one, it’s certainly something to think about!

Similarly, how often do we remind ourselves to “be a good role model” when perhaps what we should be doing is finding someone to mentor and invest in?

As a final note, there is a lot of emphasis in the Christian world on Jesus as role model. Now, I know I just “bashed” the concept of role model, but I think Jesus, being perfect and all, is one Person who can actually set a consistently good example for the rest of us. And what I think is most interesting is that even God Himself knows that a role model is not enough. That’s why God gave us a Mentor, the Holy Spirit.

The Bible is very clear that the Holy Spirit was sent to play the role of mentor in our lives. In John 16, Jesus tells us:

8-11″When [the Holy Spirit] comes, he’ll expose the error of the godless world’s view of sin, righteousness, and judgment: He’ll show them that their refusal to believe in me is their basic sin; that righteousness comes from above, where I am with the Father, out of their sight and control; that judgment takes place as the ruler of this godless world is brought to trial and convicted.

12-13″I still have many things to tell you, but you can’t handle them now. But when the Friend comes, the Spirit of the Truth, he will take you by the hand and guide you into all the truth there is. He won’t draw attention to himself, but will make sense out of what is about to happen and, indeed, out of all that I have done and said…”[emphasis mine]

Is there any more beautiful picture of true mentorship? In our moments of frustration that we cannot possibly live up to the Great Role Model’s example, we can take comfort and even rejoice in the fact that the Great Mentor is with us, ready to “take [us] by the hand and guide” us in our journey. However, if we neglect the mentorship relationship with the Holy Spirit, we miss out on a huge foundational aspect of both our relationship with God, and living out the fullness of life God planned for us because it was His plan all along to send the Holy Spirit, too, not just Jesus.

So, when we are not sure what to do next or how to think about something, we should not only look to Jesus as an example, but we should also remember that the Holy Spirit is right there with us, fully invested in seeing us do it right, and have confidence that if we simply ask for His guidance and are open to being mentored, He will engage us.

My Thoughts

Thank you, Jessica! I have never, ever heard or read anything that uses the role model/mentor language with the Second and Third persons of the Trinity. Marvelous to ponder and very encouraging!

A couple of comments I’d like to add.

  • Because role models often don’t know who regards them as a role model, you should always consider that someone is watching you as a role model: as a parent, a spouse, a Christian, a leader and so on. The safest thing for you to do is to assume you are a role model in every area of your life and live accordingly. You’ll live a better life and not disappoint anyone.
  • Role models can be role models for thousands of years if they are well-known and documented. Recorded history is how the human race advances, by learning from others. Think about the woman who poured oil on Jesus. She didn’t hesitate to offer her best as worship to her Lord. Her example was so important that Jesus responded by saying, “Truly I tell you, wherever the gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her.” Many Christians throughout history are great role models for us today as we learn about how they lived lives of faith, how they persevered through trials and persecutions, what they did with their gifts, how they made their decisions and so on.
  • Look to role models for their character traits and priorities, not what they actually did. As Jessica rightly points out, you could be in very different circumstances, and who’s to say the role model might not have made different decisions based on different fact scenarios? I’m more interested in how and why they made their choices than the actual choices they made. They lived their lives and we must live ours. We shouldn’t imitate their decisions, but their values. That is why Paul says in 1 Corinthians 4:16-17 “Therefore I urge you to imitate me. For this reason I have sent to you Timothy, my son whom I love, who is faithful in the Lord. He will remind you of my way of life in Christ Jesus, which agrees with what I teach everywhere in every church.” Paul wants his readers to imitate his way of life, not the particular life he is living. He lived as a conscious role model, explaining in 2 Thessalonians 3:9 “We did this, not because we do not have the right to such help, but in order to offer ourselves as a model for you to imitate.” Hebrews 13:7 emphasizes that leaders are role models, and it is their way of life that is imitated rather than the particulars of their lives: “Remember your leaders, who spoke the word of God to you. Consider the outcome of their way of life and imitate their faith.” Don’t try to be someone else. Live your own life, but live it by drawing on the inspiration of others who have fulfilled their roles successfully.

Thoughts on Leaders as Role Models and Mentors

  1. Mrs. Chris Trevino

    Thank Rev. Pellowe for sharing your daughters’ blog and your thoughts on role models of mentorship. I am a doctoral student at Houston Baptist University in Houston, Texas finishing up my degree in 2 weeks. One of my assignments was to do research on leadership and connect it to biblical values. I personally enjoyed reading both blogs and will use them as a resource in my paper. Blessings to both and keep inspiring the world with your teachings. God bless you both and your ministries.

    1. John PelloweJohn Pellowe Post author

      Congratulations, Chris. I pray that your assignments and dissertation will be a blessing to your ministry for many years to come.

      Thanks for letting me know your thoughts. They are a real encouragement to me.



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